Direction (Q 1 - 5) : In each question below, there are three statements followed by four conclusions numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follow(s) from the given statements.
Statements: a. Some apples are boxes.
b. Some boxes are chairs.
c. No chairs are apples.
Conclusions: I. Some boxes are not apples.
II. All boxes are either apples or chairs.
III. Some boxes are either apples or chairs.
IV. All boxes are apples.
Statements: a. Some umbrellas are toys.
b. All toys are roses.
c. All stations are umbrellas.
Conclusions: I. Some roses are stations.
II. Some umbrellas are not roses.
III. All umbrellas are roses.
IV. Some roses are not stations.
(a) + (b) = I + A = 1 = Some umbrellas are roses. But II and 111 form a complementary O-A pair. Hence either II or 111 follows. Again, (c) + Some umbrellas are roses = A + 1 = No conclusion. Again, either I or IV follows as they form a complementary l-O pair
Statements: a. Some books are copies.
b. Some copies are pens.
c. All books and pens are pencils.
Conclusions: I. Some pencils are copies.
II. Some pencils are not copies.
III. All pencils are pens.
IV. Only pencils are copies.
Conversion of (a) + All books are pencils = 1 + A= I = Some copies are pencils ->' conversion —> Some pencils are copies (I). Hence I follows but 11 and IV don't. AH pens are pencils (A) -> conversion -> Some pencils are pens (I). Hence III does not follow.
(a) + (b) = 1 +1 = No conclusion. However, either 1 or 111 follows as they form a complementary E-I pair. II follows as a conversion of |c). Now II + conversion of (b) = I + 1 = No conclusion. Hence IV does not follow.
Statements: a. All doctors are professors.
b. Some professors are honest.
c. No students are doctors.
Conclusions: I. No doctors are students.
II. Some professors are not students.
III. No students are honest.
IV. Some doctors are not students.
Direction (Q 6 - 10) : Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below it.
Aashit, Nitin. Ritesh, Kamini and Raj iv are five aspirants of PO and have joined the top institution of India which provides classroom coaching for PO. They belong to different towns of India. One of those towns is Agra. They are good at different subjects. One of those subjects is Arithmetic. They have qualified in written examinations for PO but no one has qualified the same number of times. Note that one of them qualified for five times. Study the following clues very carefully.
I They did not meet each other except on one occasion. This was when Kamini, the person who has qualified in written for PO three times, the person who belongs to Bhagalpur, the person who is good at Non-Verbal Reasoning and the person who belongs to Patna got five different seats in a competitive examination side by side.
II Aashit is good at Verbal Reasoning.
III. Ritesh. who belongs to Chandigarh, is not good at Non-Verbal.
IV Raj iv has qualified in written examination of PO once.
V. One who belongs to Bhagalpur has qualified the exam four times.
VI. One who belongs to Delhi is good at English.
VII One who has q u a l i f i e d twice in the w r i t t en examination for PO is good at General Awareness.