Direction (Q. 1 - 5) : In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between "Strong" arguments and "Weak" arguments insofar as they relate to the question. "Strong" arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question. "Weak" arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question.
Instructions: Each question below is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a strong argument and which is a weak argument.
Statement: Should private courier services be banned in India ?
Arguments: I. Yes, a lot of manipulation regarding charges has been witnessed by many courier services.
II. No, private services always provide better services than others.
Statement: Should registration of marriages be made mandatory for Indian citizens ?
Arguments: I. Yes, this will help in legal processes when any problem related with marriages erupts. Besides, it will also be helpful for government while planning activities, etc.
II. No, those things which bring spouses closer must be devoid of red-tapism.
Statement: Should people be allowed to rear endangered species like musk deer for commercial purposes ?
Arguments: I. Yes, prosperity of a nation depends upon the prosperity of its citizens. If more and more options of earning will be there before a citizen he/she will certainly become wealthy.
II. No, people have no right to fulfil their commercial desire by making endangered species more endangered or extinct.
I is weak because it does not hit at the main question — "rearing endangered species". II is weak because it assumes that rearing musk deer will diminish their number. Experience, on the other hand, tells us that rearing of a species for commercial purposes only adds to its number.
Statement: Should a person found sending racist messages on the Internet be prosecuted ?
Arguments: I. Yes, sending racist email messages is a part of the overall phenomenon of "hate-speech" on the internet, which is meant for civil communication.
II. No, our Constitution provides us freedom of speech; then why prosecution ?
Statement: Should basic operators be allowed to offer wireless telephony services in India ?
Arguments: I. Yes; enhanced competition will bring down the prices for the consumer.
II. No; this will make it cumbersome for the regulators.
Direction (Q. 6 - 10) : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.
Statement: "English is easy if you follow our book English Is Easy." — An advertisement of a publishing company
Assumptions: I. Most people aspire to learn English.
II. One can't learn English without following the book English Is Easy.
Statement: "Soft drinks' penetration in rural areas is only 10 per cent. If we have to hook the rural folk we need to give them single-serve soft drink packs at low price points." — CEO of Company 'X'
Assumptions: I. Purchasing power of the people living in rural areas is low and it will make the people unable to purchase the beverage of Company 'X' even at low price points.
II. Low margin-high volumes is a way of successful business.
Low price points have been accepted as instruments for penetration in rural areas. Hence II must have been assumed. I is obviously not implicit. Because if a company decides to penetrate in rural areas by providing the drinks at low price points then the company must be assuming that people in rural areas will be able to purchase the cold drinks at reduced price.
Statement: "To relieve stress and fatigue, while at work, try the pure concentration of our herbal product 'X'." — An advertisement
Assumptions: I. The herbal product 'X' has anti-stress properties that help in coping witjti daily stress and fatigue.
II. Most people want to enjoy relief from stress by being addicted to painkiller medicines.
Statement: Why do we put pressures on children to do exercises when they become adamant not to do the same ? Why not opt for other mediums such as break dance etc to fulfil the desired objectives ?
Assumptions: I. Break dances and exercises have some common benefits.
II. Children would not have any hesitation participating in break dances.
Talking of break-dances as a substitute for exercise makes I implicit. At the same time when a substitute is talked about it must have been assumed that it will be suitable for the existing situation. Hence II is also implicit.
Statements: "Now people will have got used to our Internet services and they will continue to be our customers even after we make it paid service." — Chief General Manager of Company 'X'
Assumptions: I. Company X's internet services are better compared to its competitors.
II. There are no competitors of company X in the field of internet services.