Direction (Q. 1 - 6) : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.
Statement: "If you have any information about drugs you can contact the officers of the Narcotics Control Bureau." —An instruction to the people by the Narcotics Control Bureau
Assumptions: I. Every person has information (more or less) about drug trafficking.
II. If it is not said explicitly, people will not convey the information they have about illegal drug trafficking.
I is not implicit because of the word 'every'. The Narcotics Control Bureau assumes that some of the people must have information; but it does not assume that all the people have information regarding drug trafficking. II is obviously implicit. That is why the instruction is being given.
Statement: "Please change the colour pattern of your number plate of vehicle on or before 1st July, 2010 as per the directions by the Transport Department." — A request by the Transport Department to owners of two-wheelers and four-wheelers
Assumptions: I. The stipulated time is enough for the owners to make requisite changes in number plates.
II. People will abide by the request of the Transport Department.
The request comprises a fixed time. If one fixes a deadline for a particular thing, one must be assuming I. II is also implicit because if a person requests for something from another, the former assumes that the latter will abide by it.
Statement: "Since most diseases result from faulty lifestyles or bad eating habits, why should animals suffer in the research for cure for these man-made ills?"—View of Mr Y
Assumptions: I. Initiatives aimed at prevention are better than the cure of a disease.
II. It is not desirable to harass a species for the faults of another species.
I is implicit. Look at how Mr Y is blaming "faulty lifestyles" and "bad eating habits" — they are instances of brazen violation of preventive measures. II is implicit; that is why Mr Y expresses his resentment.
Statement: "There is a need to take steps that would assuage the feelings of all the communities and strengthen the forces of tolerance, brotherhood and amity in state 'X', where communal violence has done immense damage."—MrZ, leader of opposition
Assumptions: I. A person equipped with true qualities of humanity is more likely to encourage harmony among communities.
II. To assuage the feelings of the communities is not a hard nut to crack.
The statement assumes nothing about the kind of people who are fit to deliver the goods. Hence I is not implicit. Again, the statement says there is a need to assuage the feelings. But it does not assume whether doing so would be easy or difficult. Hence II is not implicit.
Statement: "How painful it is that even 50 years after Independence a section of the country's popula tion is not being considered as its citizens!" — A note in a newspaper about the citizenship of a section in country X
Assumptions: I. Fifty years is a long time span during which it is feasible to provide citizenship to every section of the population of country X.
II. The independence of a country ensures more powers to its citizens.
Statement: "Sanjay Leela Bhansali (a film director) should be lauded and not criticised for the huge budget of Devdas (a film)."—A comment by Mr X
Assumptions: I. Aperson is not worthy of criticism only because of the violation of the limit of a single factor.
II. Unless a person pumps in money, he/she cannot be the best in a field like cinema.
Direction (Q. 7 - 10) : In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between strong arguments and weak arguments insofar as they relate to the question. Strong arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question. Weak arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question.
Instructions: Each question below is followed by two ar guments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a strong argument and which is a weak argument.
Statement: Should the Cabinet approve changes in the allocation criteria for funds to the states for carrying out the accelerated rural water supply programme ?
Arguments: I. Yes. We are in a world where most of the things are changing at a fast pace; uses of water have increased; therefore per capita consumption of water has also increased.
II. No. Change in allocation criteria will put a burden on the budget.
Statement: Should schools invite IIT students to give practical tips on science subjects ?
Arguments: I. Yes. IIT students can be a boon to the careers of science students by giving them proper guidance that they certainly require at the stage of their schooling.
II. No. IIT students have more vital responsibilities to carry out for which they have been prepared.
Statement: Should there be an amendment in the acts related to check-bouncing ?
Arguments: I. Yes. Existing laws are not sufficient to curb the incidents related to check-bouncing.
II. Yes. This will lessen the miseries of entrepreneurs due to increase in number of incidents of delay in payment and problems related to check-bouncing.
I is weak because "amendment" itself implies that the existing laws are not sufficient. There is no addition to what has been said in the statement. II is strong because the miseries of the entrepreneurs are certainly not desirable.