Direction (Q. 1-2) : Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below :
The centre reportedly wants to continue providing subsidy to consumers for cooking gas and kerosene for five more years. This is not good news from the point of view of reining in the fiscal deficit. Mounting subventions for subsidies means diversion of savings by the government from investment to consumption, raising the cost of capital in the process. The government must cut expenditure on subsidies to create more fiscal space for investments in both physical and social infrastructure. It should outline a plan for comprehensive reform in major subsidies including petroleum, food and fertilizers and set goal posts.
Which of the following is an inference which can be made from the facts stated in the above paragraph ?
A. Indias fiscal deficit is negligible in comparison to other emerging economies in the world.
B. Subsidy on food and fertilizers are essential for growth of Indian economy.
C. Reform in financial sector will weaken Indias position in the international arena.
D. Gradual withdrawal of subsidy is essential for effectively managing fiscal deficit in India.
Answer & Explanation
Answer : Option
Consider the following lines of the passage : 'The government must cut expenditure on subsidies to create more fiscal space for investments in both physical and social infrastucture.
Direction (Q. 3 - 5) : Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below :
Poverty measurement is an unsettled issue, both conceptually and methodologically. Since poverty is a process as well as an outcome; many come out of it while others may be falling into it. The net effect of these two parallel processes is a proportion commonly identified as the 'head count ratio', but these ratios hide the fundamental dynamism that characterises poverty in practice. The most recent poverty reestimates by an expert group has also missed the crucial dynamism. In a study conducted on 13,000 households which represented the entire country in 1993-94 and again on 2004-05, it was found that in the ten-year period 18.2% rural population moved out of poverty whereas another 22.1% fell into it over this period. This net increase of about four percentage poinls was seen to have a considerable variation across states and regions.
Which of the following is a conclusion which can be drawn from the facts stated in the above paragraph ?
A. Accurate estimates of number of people living below poverty line in India is possible to be made.
B. Many expert groups in India are not interested to measure poverty objectively.
C. Process of poverty measurement needs to take into account various factors to tackle its dynamic nature.
D. People living below poverty line remain in that position for a very long time.
Answer & Explanation
Answer : Option
Process of poverty measurement needs to take into account various factors to tackle its dynamic nature.
In the subsequent figures the design ( T ) rotates through 4 5 " and 90° anticlockwise respectively in alternate manner. As far as the pattern of other designs is concerned the problem is based on the rule (1) = (5) and hence (2) = (6).
The design (A) moves one-half and one step in clockwise direction alternately after being rotated through 45° anticlowise while the design (T) moves one- half step in clockwise direction after being rotated through 45° anticlockwise and the central design is replaced with new design in each subsequent figure.
In the subsequent figures the square moves respectively onehalf, one, one and a half, two step(s) in anticlockwise direction, the design (A) moves along diagonal while the design (K) moves one-half and one step in clockwise direction alternately. The number of circles is the same in alternate figures.