Direction (Q. 1 - 10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:
In the recent international negotiations conducted under the UNFCCC. the industrialised countries have called upon developing countries to contribute to the global effort to address climate change.
Specifically, it has been suggested that while the developed countries will take appropriate emission reduction targets in the mid-term, the developing countries should follow a low carbon development path and deviate in terms of GHG emission from business-as-is-usual scenario. It has been suggested that the developing countries should place their domestic m itigation actions at the same level of international review as the mitigation commitments of developed countries. Implicit in the arguments of the developed countries is the suggestion that the international support for adaptation to and mitigation of climate change in developing countries will depend on the willingness of developing countries to subject their national action plans to review and progress in terms of low carbon development.
India's approach to the negotiations is fully anchored in the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol. India has argued in the international negotiating fora that the developed countries and parties must take actions in accordance with the principle of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities in order to achieve the objectives of the convention. Such actions of the developed countries should include deep and ambitious targets for emission reduction in the second commitment period (post-1012) of the Kyoto Protocol. The starting point for a fair and equitable agreement in the climate change negotiations is, therefore, the acceptance by the developed countries of the principle of per capita equity, their historical responsibility, and their undertaking to make credible cuts in GHG emissions of25-40% by 2020 over 1990 reference levels.
The above passage is about which of the following topics