Direction (Q. 1 - 8): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:
Child psychology is certainly not a strong point for most of the Indian schools; why else would they inflict double trauma on the students failing badly in the pre-boards by banning them from taking the board exams? This often gives fatal results as evidenced by reports of student suicides in the run-up to the boards.NowtheCentralBoard of Secondary Education (CBSE) has stepped in and has put brakes on this discriminatory practice. It has ruled that no student can be barred from the boards without prior clearance from the CBSE. This is good news for parents and students, many of whom have had to live under the threat of performance-linked debarment. While the schools' logic is that in order to attract talented students, it needs to maintain performance records at high levels. It is faulty to assume that a student failing badly at pre-boards will replicate the performance at boards. There are chances that the student will be spurred to double the effort. On the other hand, the threat of debarment will certainly have adverse impact on their performance. Of course, linking pre-boards to the boards is one of the problems with our school system.
Choose the word which is most opposite in meaning of the word 'SPUR' as used in the passage.