Direction (Q. 1 - 5) : In each question below are given three or four statements followed by three conclusions numbered I, II, and in. You have to take the given statements to be true evenif they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusion(s) logical follow(s) from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.
Statements: All plums are oranges.
All oranges are grapes.
Some grapes are apples.
Some apples are guavas.
Conclusions: I. Some grapes are plums.
II. Some guavas are grapes.
III. Some apples are oranges.
All plums are oranges + All oranges are graps = A + A = A = plums are graps - comersion - some graps are plums (I). Hence I follows. II does not follow because I + I = No conclusion. III does not follow because A + I = No conclusion
I and II do not follow by concbination because I + I = No conclusion. But eiether I or II follows because they from a complementary I-E pair. Some pets are rats + No rat is a goat = I + E = O = Some pets are not goats. Hence III does not follow.
Statements: Some flowers are fruits.
Some fruits are buildings.
All buildings are flats.
No flat is a house.
Conclusions: I. No building is a house.
II. Some flowers are houses.
III. Some flowers are flats.
All buildings are flats + No flate is a house = A + E = E = No building is a house. Hence I follows. Some flowers are fruits + some fruits are building = I + I = No conclusion. Hence II and III can't follow.
Direction (Q. 6 - 10) : In each question below is given a group of letters followed by four combinations of digits/ symbols numbered (1), (2), (3) and (4). You have to find out which of the combinations correctly represents the group of letters based on the following coding system and the conditions that follow and mark the number of that combination as your answer. If none of the combinations correctly represents the group of letters, mark (4), ie 'None of these', as your answer.
Letter: N T A K E U B H O S RI G
Code: # 5 $ 3 4 7 6 8 . 2 1 9 @ %
(i) If the first as well as the last letter is a vowel, both are to be coded as ' 0 '.
(ii) If the first letter is a vowel and the last letter is a consonant, both are to be coded as 'Z'.
(iii) If the first letter is a consonant and the last letter is a vowel, both are to be coded as