# Bank PO :: PO English Language Test 52

## Home Bank PO / PO English Language Test 52 Questions and Answers

1 .

Direction : Read the passage carefully and answer the questions given below it
The Union Budget 2011-12 aims to sustain economic growth, strengthen infrastructure, moderate the price rise, particularly of agricultural produce, and reduce social imbalances through inclusive development. There are lots of changes in the budget, out of which some matters the most. The funds for building capital assets for many schemes go as grant-in-aid to state governments. The capital assets are created either by the state governments or by the local bodies under them. These cannot be shown as capital expenditure in the Central Government accounts.
To give a correct picture of such revenue expenditure, a new head has been created within revenue expenditure - grants for creation of capital assets. The effective revenue deficit, therefore, drops to 2.3% of GDP against 3.4% of GDP if the total revenue expenditure is considered.
The Budget has expanded the ambit of plan expenditure to include four items which were earlier accounted for nonplan expenditure. This is in line with the mandate of the C Rangarajan committee on public expenditure management, which is expected to suggest an action plan to abolish the system of classifying expenditure as 'plan' and 'non-plan'. Plan expenditure increased by 5,290 crore in 2011-12 due to the inclusion of the four non-plan allocations.
The Budget has made specific allocations for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes within the overall plan. These will be shown as scheduled castes sub-plan and tribal subplan. The relevant ministries and departments will show these separately under a different head. This will help the government get a better fix on the expenditure and target it better. The Budget shows allocation of 32,020 crore towards development of scheduled castes and `18,626 crore for scheduled tribes.
The Budget discloses for the first time the government's liability on account of all the highway projects that have been funded through the annuity model. These are mostly roads where toll tax alone is not enough to make the project commercially viable. In such projects, the government makes an annual payment to the developer. The disclosure in the budget follows apprehensions that the government could be committing to too many projects under this route. It is the first step towards checking such a trend. As of now, the government has committed to total annuity of ?83,794 crore.
The slew of measures announced for the agricultural sector highlights the Government's thrust to facilitate storage and reduce the production and supply-chain bottlenecks in the agricultural sector which played an important role in driving inflation in the economy. While establishing an efficient supply chain and removal of production arid distribution bottlenecks, especially for food items, which have led to inflation has received the Government's focus during the budget timely and effective implementation of the initiatives would not only help in reducing the price difference between the wholesale and the retail prices but also provide for better realisation of prices by the farmers. It would also help in combating supply side-driven food inflation in the medium to long term. Moreover, if the Agriculture Produce Marketing Act is reformed as highlighted in the budget it would lead to further improvement in the supply chain linkages in the agricultural sector. Given the increased plan outlay corroborated with facilitation through increased financing avenues for major sectors, the budget can be rated to be significantly positive.

The budget addresses the issue of agricultural inflation by

giving thrust to storage facility
abolishing agricultural advances due for 10 years
developing new irrigation facilities
2 .

Direction (Q. 2-10) Which of the phrases 1), 2), 3) and 4) given below each statement should replace the phrase printed in bold in the sentence to make it grammatically correct? If the sentence is correct as it is given and no correction is required, mark 4) as the answer.

He was a brilliant student started work on this idea while still in college.

started working
at the start worked
who started work
who worked starting
3 .

A successful manager is one who can adapt to different situations.

No correction required
4 .

Starting a company in India has difficulty because of the high level of competition.

has the difficulty
has been of difficulty
is been difficult
is difficult
5 .

Pressure from the shareholders has forced the Board to reverse its previous made decision.

they previously decided
its earlier decision
its decision previously
their earlier decision taken
6 .

It is necessarily to invest in stocks which will provide good income during retirement.

necessarily investing
necessary to invest
necessity to invest
necessary for investment
7 .

The newly appointed chairman has recent visited all our branches.

on a recent visit
recently visit to
recently visited
recent to visit
8 .

Mr Sen's colleagues asked him that he planned to do after his retirement.

when he planned
that his plans
what he planned
how he plans
9 .

The minister denied reports that prices will rose after the budget.

would rise after
will now rise
is rising up
are rising from
10 .

They decided to begin the meeting till he arrive.

since he arrives
when he arrived
on arrival
than he arrived