Direction (Q. 1 - 3) : In each question below is given a Statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption issomethingsupposed ortaken for granted. You have to consider the Statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the Statement.
Statement: Thoughwomen in Meghalaya are better placed in society, they are yet to come out and Shoulder the responsibility of public representation.
Assumptions: I. Representing in public is a sign of maturity.
II. Women still enjoy reservation in Meghalaya.
I is implicit: not shouldering the responsibility of "public represenlation" is being seen as a contrast to being "belter placed" II is not implicit because ve are not given any clue whatsoever in this regard
Statement: "It is a matter of shame on the part of the State government for failing in its duty to supply quality seeds, pesticides and due relief to the farmers, who are passing through turbulent times in the wake of loss of crops." —An Opposition leader in an election speech
Assumptions: I. Farmers are an important vote-bank.
II. Seeds and pesticides ameliorate the lot of the farmers.
Apolitical leadcr, when he raises a certain issue during an election, assumes that the issue would be favourably received by the potential voters Now. agricultural issues are directly related to the farniers. Ilence I is implicit. II is also implicit: the lack of Provision of seeds and^ pesticides is being enticised
Statement: In present-day politics, certain forces and parties have emerged with the sole aim of acquiring power at any cost and devote all their time to retaining it without giving any thought to development or welfare of various sections.
Assumptions: I. Earlier, politics was welfare-oriented.
II. Power cannot be retained with social welfare.
Direction (Q. 4 - 8) : In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between 'Strang' argumentsand 'Weak' argumentsinsofar as they relate to the question. "Strang' arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question. 'Weak' arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question.
Statement: Should post-poll alhances be allowed ?
Arguments: I. Yes. it is the only way out of a hung Parliament.
II. No. it is a fraud upon voters who have voted them as opposed groups.
I is not strong because it is a stupid argument. In fact. no reason is being given at all. II is not strong because "wastage of resources" cannot be arrived at absolutely: it must be seen in a context.
Statement: Should the knowledgeof Computers be made essential for employment in Offices ?
Arguments: I. Yes, Computers are state-of-the-art devices.
II. No. works in office are yet to get fully computerised.
Direction (Q. 9 - 10) : An arrangement machine, when given an input line of words, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is the Illustration of the input and the Steps of arrangement:
Input: Delhi Police moved the high court in September
Step I: court Delhi Police moved the high in September
Step II: court Delhi high Police moved the in September
Step III: court Delhi high in Police moved the September
Step IV: court Delhi high in moved Police the September
Step V: court Delhi high in moved Police September the
Since the words are already arranged, the machine stops after this step. Otherwise the machine may carry on its logic until the words get fully arranged. Study the logic and answer the questions that follow.
Input: the Supreme Court ordered banning of professional donors.
What will be the 3rd step ?
A. banning the Supreme Court ordered of professional donors
B. banning Court donors the Supreme ordered of professional
C. banning donors the Supreme Court ordered of professional
D. banning Court the Supreme ordered of professional donors
Answer & Explanation
Answer : Option
Input: the Supreme Court ordered banning of professional donors
Step 1: banning the Supreme Court ordered of professional donors
Step II: banning Court the Supreme ordered of professional donors.
Step III: banning Court donors the Supreme ordered of professional
See how the words will get arranged:
Step I: country'; Step II. does; Step III: have: IV: not: V: now; VI: policy; VII the. This would leave Uli automatically arranged. So Step VII would be the last step.