Direction (Q. 1 - 5) : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following a s sumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.
Statement: "Buy our Magical Book on Quicker Maths and get techniques to solve those complicated sums within seconds which you were unable to solve quicker." — An advertisement of X publishing company of books for students
Assumptions: I. Students know the procedure of solving the sums through traditional or other methods except quicker ones.
II. Only the books of Quicker Maths of X publishing company contains short-cut techniques.
Statement : "We have neither sufficient vehicles for patrolling nor night-vision glasses and sophisticated weapons; how can we be able to curb the militancy ?" —A Commander of Border Security Force
Assumptions: I. Militancy can't be curbed.
II. Physical facilities of security forces help increase the efficiency of forces.
Statement : "Since my childhood I always liked the poem of poet X and I made my efforts to learn from the style of the poet to become a good poet. — Mr Y
Assumptions: I. It is possible to learn some qualities from the poems of a good poet.
II. Poems of poet X were in existence during the childhood of Mr Y.
Statement : "Our book on Non-Verbal Reasoning has been written systematically for students who are new to the subject and now they do not require to jo in any coaching institute to learn the subject . " — An advertisement
Assumptions: I. Students need a systematically written book on Non-Verbal Reasoning.
II. Students need the help of a coaching institute.
Statements : "This study material is not for free sale in the market, not for hire, sale, repurchase or circulation. Any violation may invite penal action." — Publication X's note on the cover page of the booklets of its study material
Assumptions : I. There may be repurchasing and circulating of the study material of the publishing company X if not forbidden.
II. A threat of penal action hinders persons from indulging in illegal activity.
Direction (Q. 6 - 10) : In each question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume every thing in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.
Statement : The chances of a war between India and Pakistan have declined.
Conclusions: I. Both armies have built up defences in response.
II. There is considerable international pressure on both the countries to restrain themselves.
Statement : Lakshmamma, an agricultural worker from Holalu, decided to sell her kidney to clear a part of her debt of Rs 70,000.
Conclusions: I. The kidneys of agricultural workers fetch a high price.
II. Kidneys are sold for thousands of rupees.
That Lakshmamma happens to be an agricultural worker is merely a coincidence. Hence I does not follow. II follows because only then a part—for all practical purposes, it can't be a negligible one — of her debt can be cleared.
Statement: In order to stop ticketless travel in trains, the Railway Ministry has decided to increase the penalty up to five times of that before.
Conclusions: I. Ticketless travellers will follow some fair way of travelling when severe fine is imposed.
II. The Railway Ministry has failed to understand the compulsion and miseries of ticketless passengers.
Statement: The Governor of state X is alleged to be involved in cases of corruption along with a group of bureaucrats.
Conclusions: I. The governor of state X may be involved in the corruption.
II. The governor of state X may not be involved in the corruption.
Statement: 'No aspect of cricket is more indispensable than good fielding.' —A captain's statement
Conclusions: I. To win a cricket match, it is necessary to learn and practise the art of good fielding.
II. Good fielding is enough to win a cricket match.