Direction (Q. 6 - 10) : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.
Statement: "Please note that the candidates have to bring their own typewriters at the time of the test of typing skill." — A condition in an advertisement
Assumptions: I. Candidates will not be able to bring their own typewriters.
II. Candidates will be able to bring their own typewriters at the time of skill test.
Statement: "Instances of brides being ill-treated for insufficient dowry are too common to make news and it seems that even position and rank are no guarantee that a woman will receive her in-laws' respect." — A report in a newspaper
Assumptions: I. It is not expected of a woman at a higher post to be deprived of in-laws' respect for insufficient dowry.
II. Torturing for dowry is not a trivial issue.
Statement: "If you are keen to improve your English vocabulary, access the online dictionary service Your dictionary.com and sign up with its 'send me the Word of the Day everyday' mailing list service." —An advice to the readers of a newspaper
Assumptions: I. People want to acquire a good vocabulary that enables one to use the right word in the right context.
II. Learning a new word everyday via e-mail is the only possible way of doing so.
Statement: "Why do more people not donate blood ? Though I am physically challenged, I don't suffer from any weakness or ailment after donating blood." —A statement of a handicapped person
Assumptions: I. Normal people can donate blood more comfortably than a handicapped person due to their physical ability.
II. Majority of people think that blood donation does not makes a person ill or weak.
Direction (Q. 6 - 10) : Below are given four statements a, b, c and d followed by four conclusions. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they appear to be at variance with commonly known facts, and then decide which of the conclusions logically follow(s) from the given statements. For each question, mark out an appropriate answer choice that you think is correct.
Statements: a. All books are copies.
b. No copies are erasers.
c. All desks are flags.
d. Some copies are desks.
Conclusions: I. No books are flags.
II. Some books are desks.
III. Some erasers are flags.
IV. Some flags are not erasers.
Statements: a. All books are desks.
b. Some books are flags.
c. All copies are erasers.
d. No copies are books.
Conclusions: I. No flags are erasers.
II. No erasers are books.
III. Some flags are erasers.
IV. Some flags are not copies.
(d) + (b) = E + I = O* = Some flags are not copies Hence IV follows Now this can't be combined with (c) Hence I and II don't follow by combination. However, the two form a complementary E-I pair, Hence either I or III follows Conversion E-I pair. Hence either I or III follows. Conversion of (d) + (c) = E + A =O* = Some erasers are not books. Hence II does not follows.
Statements: a. No pens are pencils.
b. No erasers are dictionaries.
c. Some pencils are copies.
d. All pencils are erasers.
Conclusions: I. Some pencils are not dictionaries.
II. No dictionaries are pencils.
III. Some copies are not dictionaries.
IV. Some erasers are not pens.
(d) + (b) = A + E = E = No pencil are dictionaries. Its implication gives I and conversion II. Conversion of (c) + No pencils are dictionaries = I + E = O = Some copies are not dictionaries Hence III follows (a) + (d) = E + A = O* = Some erasers are not pens. Hence IV follows.
Statements: a. All boys are males.
b. Some boys are girls.
c. All males are children.
d. No girls are females.
Conclusions: I. Some boys are not females.
II. Some girls are males.
III. Some males are not females.
IV. All children are boys.
(b) + (c) = I + E = O = Some boys are not females Hence I follows (a) + conclusion I gives us conclusion III. (a) + (c) = A + A = All boys are children - Conversion - Some children are boys (I) Hence IV does not follows conversion of (b) + (a) = I + A = I = Some girls are males. Hence II follows.
Statements: a. No nips are tips.
b. No tips are coins.
c. All tips are balls.
d. All balls are pencils.
Conclusions: I. Some nips are coins.
II. Some coins are not nips.
III. All tips are pencils.
IV. Some pencils are not coins.
(a) + (b) = E + E = No conclusion Hence I and II do not follow. However, conversion of I and II make a complementary I-O pair. Hence either I or II follows (c) + (d) = A + A = All tips are pencils. Hence III follows. Comversion of III + (b) = I + E = O = Some pencils are not coins. Hence IV follows.