Direction (Q. 1 - 6) : Below is given a passage followed by several possible inferences which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity.
India is one of a handful of countries with highly successful remote sensing programmes benefitting from a constellation of four IRS (Indian Remote Sensing) Satellites. But even the best of these satellites cannot identify objects on the ground less than five metres in size. On the other hand, Cartosat-1 carrying two panchromatic, or black and white, cameras will provide better than 2.5-metre spatial resolution with a steerable swatch of 30 kilometres. Resolution is a measure of imagery sharpness and ground features as small as a beach umbrella can be distinguished in Cartosat imagery. The military is also interested in using satellites as platforms for electronic warfare, jamming of radar and other surveillance equipment.
Cartosat will give more information to the military than what it is getting from existing Indian Remote Sensing (IRS) satellites.
A. if the inference is definitely true, ie it properly follows from the statement of facts given.
B. if the inference is probably true though not definitely true in the light of the facts given.
C. if the data are inadequate, ie from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.
D. if the inference is probably false though not definitely false in the light of the facts given.
Answer & Explanation
Answer : Option
As given in the passage, IRS satellites can't identify objects which are less than five metres in size, whereas Cartosat-1 can identify up to 2.5 metres. Hence the use of Cartosat-1 will give more information.
Direction (Q. 7 - 10) : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.
Statement: The courts should strive to give speedy and fair justice and keep off from politics as well as corruption. At the same time it should develop commitment to objectives and improve its performance.
Assumptions: I. Nowadays, courts are delaying in giving justice and have strayed away from their main objectives.
II. The future of humans depends a lot on the judiciary.
Statement: "Most of the students are capable of choosing right course for study as well as for their career because they have educated parents." — Mr X
Assumptions: I. Educated parents are necessary to choose the right course for studj or for a prosperous career.
II. Educated parents become helpful to their offspring when the latter need some advice.
Statement: "How is it that only the northern part of the country is involved in the Ram temple movement when the whole nation has Ram devotees? If we want to rise above these petty political machinations there is an urgent need for a new breed of Indians with a mindset attuned to the present scenario and instilled with values generated by centuries of true Indian civilisation." — Mr Y
Assumptions: I. India comprises different types of mindset.
II. True Indian civilisation among the citizens is desirable to inculcate into the citizens a lesson of harmony.
The confinement of Ram temple movement in the northern part of India indicates that the speaker must be assuming I. II is not implicit. Mr Y does assume the desirability of true Indian civilisation. But is it for " harmony " ? We don' t know.
Statement: The finance minister can plunder the middle class now but soon it will be time for general electionsand the return filed by the middle class will turn out to be really taxing for the government.
Assumptions: I. People of middle class have the capability to keep their resentment till the forthcoming elections.
II. On the issue of choosing representatives there will be consensus among the voters of the middle class.