Direction (Q. 1 - 5) : In each question below is given a statement followed bv two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.
Statement: "Had my father been alive, he would never have allowed me to join films."— Miss X, a singer
Assumptions: I. Sometimes tragedy brings prosperity in the life of an individual.
II. Film industry witnesses many ups and downs, therefore there is no guarantee that prosperity will come in life.
I is not implicit because we can't say with certainty that Miss 'X' assumes her life to be full of prosperity and, the prosperity in her life came only after the death of her father. II may or may not be the true reason behind the reluctance of her father. Hence, II is also not implicit.
Statement: "Our study materials do not necessarily satisfy one's greed but certainly satisfy one's need to become a Probationary Officer (PO)." — An advertisement of 'X' coaching institute
Assumptions: I. The need to become a PO can be satisfied with a certain amount of efforts but one's greed can not be satisfied with certainty.
II. Desires of most of the people (who aspire for PO) are not conducive to their real requirements.
Statement: "If you believe that stars and planets influence the course of your life, then the four-album series Navagraha is meant for you. It is the collector's series for those who want to keep their fortunes intact."— An advertisement
Assumptions: I. Some people hanker after a prosperous life without labouring.
II. Astronomy plays a vital role in one's life and cautions one against unfavourable situations.
Statement: "Onlyyou know what is better strategy for you. So listen to various views but implement what suits you the best." —An ultimate success formula to youngsters by an IAS topper among women.
Assumptions: I. Some people need help from others while choosing an appropriate strategy for preparations.
II. Each individual has the capacity to judge herself as well as adopt right courses of action after self-evaluation.
Statement: "There should be joint patrolling by Indian and Pakistani forces to check infiltration of militants into Jammu and Kashmir."—PM of India
Assumptions: I. Joint patrolling scheme is the only possible and practical way to check infiltration.
II. Pakistan Government will turn down India's proposal of joint patrolling of LoC as unworkable in the present circumstances.
Direction (Q. 6 - 10) : In each question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.
Statement: "If you are attacked it is perfectly legitimate under international law to exercise the right of hot pursuit. At this moment we are not considering it."— Union Home Minister of country 'X'
Conclusions: I. Hot pursuit is the ultimate step.
II. Country 'X' has been attacked by some other country.
It is apparent from the statement that hot pursuit is one of the last steps. But we don't know whether it is the ultimate. Hence I does not follow. Again, "if you are attacked" does not necessarily imply that the country has been attacked. Hence II does not follow.
Statement: Current research has revealed that tea contains specific antioxidants and health-promoting ingredients, lowering the risk of heart disease, stroke and certain types of cancer like oral, pancreatic and prostate.
Conclusions: I. A regular tea habit combined with a balanced diet and regular exercise is likely to promote healthy lifestyle of humans.
II. Now each cup of tea will help our body to detoxify harmful free radicals that work against the immune system.
Statement: "Examination papers of Science for class X and Maths and Physics for class XII have been simplified by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE)."—Director of CBSE
Conclusion: I. The initiative adopted by CBSE will improve efficiency of students to a great extent.
II. The simplification of examination papers is likely to reduce psychological pressure on students.
Statement: Under the newly formulated strategy by state X, the use of articles made of non-reusable plastics such as forks, spoons, cords or strings, sheets and mats and the distribution of newspapers and peri odicals in plastic wrappers have been banned as an environment-cleaning initiative.
Conclusions: I. Most people of State X will be satisfied with the initiative taken by the government.
II. Most people of state X will not be satisfied by the initiative taken by the government.
Statement: The CM of state Y has introduced in the State Assembly a bill that seeks to rob thousands of government employees of one of their "hard-won rights"—the right to strike work.
Conclusions: I. The move is likely to dismantle the very purpose of granting workers the freedom to form a union to enable them to seek relief if and when they are denied their dues.
II. Now the state government is likely to be empow ered to deal promptly and effectively with strikes in essential services.