Direction (Q. 1-5): Below is given a passage followed by several possible inferences which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity.
Cinema's obsession with violence is growing. Most films have a liberal dose of it, and what is even worse is that much of it could have been edited out or not shot at all in the first place. Frames of brutality — cold-blooded murder or sadistic rape — mix and run along with perfect love stories or pleasing family dramas or pure children's fare. With the increasing tendency among our directors and producers to allow their heroes/heroines to act out evil, if only to justify the end, the line between good and bad is disappearing. For teenagers and even those younger, this can cause moral confusion, leaving them to often grapple with this dilemma by arguing that their favourite stars can do no wrong. If they kill, they had to. If they drank, drove and ran over someone, they had no other choice.
The teenagers and youngsters watch movies more frequently than older people.
A. if the inference is definitely true, ie it properly follows from the statement of facts given.
B. if the inference is probably true though not definitely true in the light of the facts given.
C. if the data are inadequate, ie from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.
D. if the inference is probably false though not definitely false in the light of the facts given.
Direction (Q. 6-10): In each question below, there are three statements followed by four conclusions numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follow(s) from the given statements.
Statements: a. All boards are pens.
b. All cards are pens.
c. No cards are files.
Conclusions: I. Some cards are boards.
II. Some pens are files.
III. Some pens are not files.
IV. Some boards are not cards.
Statements: a. No friend is an enemy.
b. All covers are girls.
c. Some friends are girls.
Conclusions: I. Some covers are not enemies.
II. Some enemies are not girls.
III. Some friends are covers.
IV. Some enemies are friends.
Converted (c) + (a) gives: Some girls are not enemies ... (A). (A), on conversion, gives no conclusion. Hence II does not follow. (b) + (A) gives no conclusion. Hence I does not follow. (c) + converted (b) gives no conclusion. Hence III does not follow. IV does not follow from (a).
Statements: a. All sets are elephants.
b. Some elephants are camels.
c. No rabbit is a camel.
Conclusions: I. Some elephants are not rabbits.
II. Some sets are camels.
III. Some elephants are sets.
IV. No camel is a rabbit.
Statements: a. All oranges are flowers.
b. Some lemons are oranges.
c. No lemons are needles.
Conclusions: I. Some flowers are lemons.
II. Some oranges are needles.
III. Some needles are oranges.
IV. Some oranges are not needles.
Statements- a. All couriers are postals.
b. No stamps ate revenues,
c. Some revenues are couriers.
Conclusions: I. Some postals are revenues.
II. Some couriers are not stamps.
III. Some postals are not stamps.
IV. Some postals are stamps.