Direction (Q. 1 - 10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:
In the recent international negotiations conducted under the UNFCCC. the industrialised countries have called upon developing countries to contribute to the global effort to address climate change.
Specifically, it has been suggested that while the developed countries will take appropriate emission reduction targets in the mid-term, the developing countries should follow a low carbon development path and deviate in terms of GHG emission from business-as-is-usual scenario. It has been suggested that the developing countries should place their domestic m itigation actions at the same level of international review as the mitigation commitments of developed countries. Implicit in the arguments of the developed countries is the  suggestion that the international support for adaptation to and mitigation of climate change in developing countries will depend on the willingness of developing countries to subject their national action plans to review and progress in terms of low carbon development.
India's approach to the negotiations is fully anchored in the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol. India has argued in the international negotiating fora that the developed countries and parties must take actions in accordance with the principle of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities in order to achieve the objectives of the convention. Such actions of the developed countries should include deep and ambitious targets for emission reduction in the second commitment period (post-1012) of the Kyoto Protocol. The starting point for a fair and equitable agreement in the climate change negotiations is, therefore, the acceptance by the developed countries of the principle of per capita equity, their historical responsibility, and their undertaking to make credible cuts in GHG emissions of25-40% by 2020 over 1990 reference levels.

The above passage is about which of the following topics

A.  Environment and welfare
B.  commitments on environment between developed and developing countries
C.  An argument on the commitments to cutting carbon emissions within UNFCCC.
D.  A tirade by developing countries against developed
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The argument of developed countries hangs around

A.  the commitments of developing countries to reduce their GHG emissions
B.  linking international support to developing countries on the basis of their efforts towards mitigation of climate change
C.  linking reforms to international financial assistance
D.  a new framework convention with developing countries sharing the greater burden of mitigation of climate change
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Which of the following statements is false in the light of the above passage ?

A.  Developed countries want to have a separate Kyoto Protocol.
B.  They have called upon the developing countries to address climate change.
C.  Developing countries may be allowed to have a low carbon development path.
D.  The developing countries are expected to place their domestic mitigation actions at the same level which has been designed for the developed countries.
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What does the clause in bold developing countries should follow a low carbon development path mean ?

A.  It means relaxation for developing countries without any obligation to reduce GHG.
B.  It means concession granted to developing countries without adherence to Kyoto Protocol.
C.  It means unbridled freedom to devise their own norms.
D.  It means concession with obligation towards GHG reduction as agreed under Kyoto Protocol II (UNFCCC).
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Which will be exactly the opposite of the word 'negotiations' as used in the passage ?

A.  proliferation
B.  stalemate
C.  deadlock
D.  (2) and (3)
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Which of the following will be nearest in meaning to the word mitigation as used in the passage ?

A.  raising
B.  worsening
C.  reduction
D.  increasing
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Which of the following will be the opposite of the word implicit as used in the passage ?

A.  covert
B.  secret
C.  above-board
D.  None of these
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What does 'adaptation' mean as used in the passaged ?

A.  adjusting according to international standards
B.  deviation from old practice
C.  grouping oneself with the rest of the members of a club
D.  performance-related support
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What does the phrase 'anchored in' the UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol' imply ?

A.  fully in support of any cause that is for the benefit of the mankind
B.  fully in agreement with what has been finalised Under UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol
C.  in full support of developing countries
D.  what international community says on any matter
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What is meam by the phrase 'principle of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities' ?

A.  Unequals can not be treated like equals.
B.  There is inequality in treatment for developing and developed countries.
C.  Every party participating in the UNFCCC has a different approach to deal with GHG emissions.
D.  Every member of the UNFCCC has the responsibility for meeting objectives of the convention but has to do it as per their capacity.
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