# :: po reasoning :: test no 178

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1.

Direction : Below is given a passage followed by several possible inferences which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity.

Women constitute a significant part of the work force of India but they lag behind men in terms of level and quality of employment. The Census of India has registered 22.73 per cent of female population as workers, 90 million in absolute terms out of a total female population of 407 million. The majority of women workers are employed in the rural areas. Amongst rural women workers, 87 per cent are employed in agriculture as labourers and cultivators. Amongst the women workers in the urban areas, 80 per cent are employed in unorganised sectors like household industries, petty trades and services, building and construction, etc. The employment of women in the organised sector (both public and private sectors) was about 4.826 million. This constitutes 16.4 per cent of the total organised sector employment in the country. The lowest employment of women was noticed in electricity, gas and water sectors. In factory, mine and plantation establishments women workers constitute 14 per cent, 6 per cent and 51 per cent of the total work force respectively.

Women lag behind men in the quality of services.

if the inference is definitely true, ie it properly follows from the statement of facts given.
if the inference is probably true though not definitely true in the light of the facts given.
if the data are inadequate, ie from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.
if the inference is probably false though not definitely false in the light of the facts given.

2.

Direction (Q. 2 - 6) : In each question below, there are three statements followed by four conclusions numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follow(s) from the given statements.

Statements: a. All apples are brinjals.
b. Some brinjals are lady's fingers.
c. Some lady's fingers are potatoes.
Conclusions: I. Some potatoes are brinjals.
II. Some potatoes are lady's fingers.
III. Some potatoes are not brinjals.
IV. Some potatoes are not lady's fingers.

Only either I or III and either II or IV follow
Only either I or III and II follow
Only I, II and III follow
Only III follows

3.

Statements: a. Some newspapers are radios.
c. No television is a magazine.
Conclusions: I. Some newspapers are not magazines.
II. Some radios are not magazines.
III. No newspapers are televisions.
IV. Some newspapers are televisions.

None follows
Only II follows
Only II and III follow
Only either III or IV and II follow

4.

Statements: a. Some doors are windows.
b. All windows are black.
c. Some black are brown.
Conclusions: I. All doors are windows.
II. Some doors are black.
III. Some brown are not black.
IV. Some doors are not windows.

Only II follows
Only either I or IV and III follow
All follow
None of these

5.

Statements: a. All trolleys are pulleys.
b. Some pulleys are chains.
c. All chains are bells.
Conclusions: I. Some pulleys are not bells.
II. Some bells are not chains.
III. No pulleys are bells.
IV. Some pulleys are not trolleys.

None follows
Only I and II follow
Only II and IV follow

6.

Statements: a. No trolleys are pulleys.
b. No pulleys are chains.
c. Some pulleys are bells.
Conclusions: I. Some trolleys are not bells.
II. Some chains are not bells.
III. Some bells are not chains.
IV. Some bells are not trolleys.

None follows
All follow
Only I and II follow
Only III and IV follow

7.

Direction (Q. 7 - 10) : In the following questions, the symbols #, ©, ®, @ and \i a r e used with the following meanings:
P # Q means P is not equal to Q.
P © Q means P is either greater than or equal to Q.
P ® Q means P is equal to Q.
P @ Q means P is smaller than Q.
P μ Q means P is either smaller than or equal to Q.
Now in each of the following questions assuming the given Statements to be true, find which of the two conclusions I and II given below them is/are definitely true.

Conclusions: I. K@L              II. L@K

if only conclusion I is true;
if only conclusion II is true;
if either I or II is true;
if neither I nor II is true;

8.

Statements: L@G,    B@K,    L®S,    B#L

if only conclusion I is true;
if only conclusion II is true;
if either I or II is true;
if neither I nor II is true;

9.

Statements: WuJ,    W@S,    J@M,    E#W

if only conclusion I is true;
if only conclusion II is true;
if either I or II is true;
if neither I nor II is true;

10.